Celiac-Disease-Sprue

Celiac Disease

Celiac Condition is also called Sprue or Nontropical Sprue. It affects the small intestine absorption of nutrition. This condition is due to inflammation in the walls of the small the intestine. The main cause of this condition is an allergen found in food, mainly gluten.

Causes
The indirect causes of Celiac Disease are two:

  • 1- Lack of digestive enzyme at the stomach level that leads to improper release of undigested food particles short of being digested completely. Naturally, undigested particles of undigested food will not be absorbed into the intestinal villi and will end up forming stool. Some of these food particles get trapped at one of the villi. While these food particles are too large to fit or be absorbed through the villi. However, some of these particles manage to be absorbed in the tiny villi and damage the tubes. The flow of large particles, damage the tube. These damaged tubes increase the chance for undigested particles to flow into the portal circulation and settle in the liver leading to its inflammation,
  • 2- Excessive treatment with oral antibiotics that affects the walls of the large intestine. The inflammation on the wall of the cecum spreads through the sphincter into the distal (lower) section of the small intestine. The lining of the intestines contains areas called villi, which help absorb nutrients,
  • 3- The above two causes lead to food allergies such as gluten, certain carbohydrates which affect nutritional balance leading to mal-absorption,
  • 4- Depending on the severity of antibiotic treatments, the quantity of undigested particles and the level of allergy developed in the body, the disease may erupt at any age. The more of the antibiotic treatments, the quantity of undigested particles and the level of allergy the sooner the disease.

Symptoms
There are three types of symptoms for Celiac Disease:

  • 1- Depending on the amount of the undigested food particles in the body, increases skin conditions, proportionately such as eczema, weight loss, weight gain and hives,
  • 2- Depending on the amount of antibiotics used, the symptoms of constipation, gas, bloating, diarrhea, inability to digest carbohydrates and dairy products will increase proportionately,
  • 3- Depending on the amount of allergens in the body there will be an increased level of tiredness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, depression, anxiety, amenorrhea,
  • 4- Children’s Celiac Disease may cause dental problems such as enamel teeth defects and teeth discoloration, digestive problems such as diarrhea and constipation nausea, vomiting, in psychology child hyperactivity, irritations, poor appetite, poor weight gain.

The symptoms may vary from severe symptoms in one person to absolutely no symptoms with other people. The symptoms may change from person to person depending on the amount of allergies, food particles and antibiotics.

Blood work notes
The average person with Celiac Disease may develop blood tests abnormality such as liver enzyme (Alk Phos., and transaminase), complete blood count (CBC).

 

(NP)