This medical condition could affect those individuals who have predisposition in addition to age to be affected. The highlight of the condition is vision loss due to damage to the retina in the center of the visual field of the inside of the eye which is termed medically the macula. The condition may occur in one of the two known forms, the dry (non-exudative) and wet (exudative) forms.
In the dry form, the retina and chorid become separated (detached) due to the accumulation of debris medically termed drusen. Studies revealed that the molecular structure of drusen is similar to that of molecular plaque deposits on the arteries in arteriosclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
- Aging: While age could be a possible factor in leading to many diseases including macular degeneration. Old age is not a free ticket into diseases. This must be engraved in every person’s mind. Old age diseases are functions of our own doing in diet, daily habits and activities from infancy, childhood to adulthood. The likely hood of an elderly developing a disease is directly proportional to that person’s daily diet, daily habits and daily activities. The more of fast food, smoking, soft drinks and lack of activity the higher the chances of having something during elderly stage. The list of diseases is very long and the choices of diseases are even longer. The lesser the abuse of food and bad habits during younger age the lesser the chances of developing diseases during old age.
- Family history: Those patients who have a closely related member of their family affected with macular degeneration may have a slightly higher chance of developing macular degeneration especially if the related relative is a parent. The reason being is the dietary habits that we inherit from our parents by watching, plus copying their behavior in the way they express their stress and anger.
- Race: People of Caucasian decent have higher chances of being affected by macular degeneration in contrast with people of African descent.
- Family Gene in Macular degeneration: In brief, it was found that the genes protein (factor H, factor B and factor 3) in the compliment are strongly associated with the increased risk of developing macular degeneration. This gene connection could very well be complicated with a positive family history increase to macular degeneration.
- Hypertension: This condition is to be avoided at all costs, especially if there are any possibilities having a family history and family gene.A patient should avoid consuming salty foods and avoid becoming hyper or anxious. The verb avoidance, here, should stand alone much stronger than the verbs refrain, don’t or stop.
- Hypercholesterolemia: This condition is another condition to be avoided at all costs, especially if there are any possibilities of having a family history of hypertension. Normally, this condition may lead to arteriostenosis in the arteries of the heart as well as the arteries in the brain. In the same token, arterialstenosis may extend to the arteries of the eyes. Patients who have developed hypercholesterolemia must avoid food that may increase this condition. This is a precautionary step to prevent eyes macular degeneration in the future among other possible full basket of disease. Food to be avoided: fried eggs, dairy products, coffee, hydrogenated oils, saturated oils, mayonnaise, butter, margarine, oxidized oils, coffee and smoking.
- In Children: On the other hand in children or younger generation, macular degeneration is an autosomal recessive condition.
- Oxidative Stress is not any different from disease due to the danger it poses on the cells of the body. There are many foods that play a huge role in the development of oxidant and free radicals. In the long run, oxidative stress is very dangerous to all systems in the body including the eyes. Again food that cause oxidative stress are a smoking, coffee, sugar, unprotected exposure to sun light etc.